WHAT'S YOUR SKIN TYPE?
Skin types include normal, oily, dry, and sensitive. Some people also have a combination. Skin types have both intrinsic and extrinsic contributing factors. Your skin type can change over time. For example, a younger skin can be normal, but develop to be dry as it ages. Skin types vary depending upon factors such as:
• Water content or hydration effects the skin’s comfort and elasticity
• Oil (lipid) content dictates how soft your skin feels
• Sensitivity level refers to the skin’s reaction to the environment or products
Normal Skin Type: Normal skin is considered the perfect balance of hydration (water content) and oil (lipid content). There may be no or few imperfections, no sensitivity, barely visible pores and a radiant complexion
Combination Skin Type: A combination skin type can be dry or normal in some areas and oily in others, such as the T-zone (nose, forehead, and chin). Many people have combination skin, which may benefit from slightly different types of skin care in different areas.
Oily Skin Type: Oily skin can be categorized as having enlarged pores, a dull or shiny, thick complexion, blackheads, pimples, or other blemishes, and a heavy “sheen” at the end of the day.
Sensitive Skin: While there is no dermatological definition for sensitive skin, the term is used to describe the skin condition of people who easily break out in rashes and get blotchy, itchy, or stinging skin in response to products or the weather.
Dry Skin Type: Dry skin can present with almost invisible pores, a dull, rough complexion, red patches, reduced elasticity and more visible lines. A “tight” sensation after cleaning or throughout the day may be felt. When exposed to drying factors, skin can crack, peel, or become itchy, irritated, or inflamed. If your skin is very dry, it can become rough and scaly, especially on the backs of your hands, arms, and legs.
WHAT'S YOUR SKIN
A skin condition or concern is related to the functioning or misfunction of the skin and subsequent condition. Although someone may genetically have oily skin, (type) their skin may lack water, and be dehydrated (condition/concern). Skin conditions / concerns are generally addressed by adding products to a prescribed regimen for the skin type.
Dry (Lacks Oil): Oil on the surface of the skin is a natural barrier to moisture loss. Water will be sealed in the skin, affording it a more hydrated appearance, when this acid mantle is in balance. An impeded acid mantle, or lack thereof will create a very dry skin, with the appearance of being rough and flaky and even may show signs of premature aging.
Dehydrated (lacks water): A dehydrated skin lacks water content, and can be recognized by very fine lines and wrinkles, and alleviated by using hydration boosting products and ingredients, and ensuring that the correct cleansers and moisturizers are being used to maintain healthy acid mantle levels.
Aging Skin: As we age, the epidermal skin become thinner, increasing the appearance of wrinkles and sagging skin. Pigmentation spots may appear in the sun exposed areas of the skin. In the dermis, collagen and elastin break down effecting the skin’s elasticity and strength. Blood vessels become more fragile leading to bleeding or bruising under the skin, and the sebaceous glands produce less oil, resulting in a skin that is harder to keep moist and results in a dry or itchy skin.
Hyperpigmentation: Melanin is what gives our skin its colour, or pigmentation. The over production of pigment can cause the look of uneven skin tone and is stimulated by chronic or acute exposure to UV damage, hormones or scarring.
Rough Texture: With aging, surface skin cells aren’t shed as rapidly. This causes dead skin cells to build up, leading to skin that feels rough and has a dull appearance. Dry skin can also leave the skin feeling rough to the touch.
Redness: Redness can be caused by numerous internal and external factors. The external factors can be as simple as the use of scrubs or the incorrect cleanser, to chronic sun exposure, stress, and pollution.
Dullness: “Dullness” is used as a blanket term to describe a decrease of skin lustre and luminescence and the corresponding increase of yellowness, and a dull, lifeless appearance.UV exasperated aging can attribute the flaws in the color, fading radiance and tone of the skin.In addition dullness can be contributed to by fatigue, lack of sleep, and the effects of the seasons.
Volume Loss: Volume loss is unfortunately a natural part of the aging process. One looses volume in the face due to collagen loss, fat loss and bone density loss.
Occasional Breakouts: Congestion Caused by scales not adequately removed, which clog the pores, exfoliating products will help to alleviate the concerns.
Acne Scars: Scars “Scars and the tears of stretch marks are caused by injury to the structural proteins in the dermis, namely collagen and elastin. This tearing usually occurs as a result of quick growth or expansion of the skin during puberty, pregnancy or picking up weight very quickly. Not every individual is prone to stretch marks or excessive scarring, as genetic factors play a part in this. Simply put, if more of the growth factor TFG ß3 is present in the skin at the time of injury, less scarring follows repair. Vitamin A increases the relative amount of TFG ß3 as does skin needling. Vitamin C is another essential molecule for the production of good quality elastin. Dr Ernst Eiselen, MBChB, FRACGP. “Vitamin A and C are the most essential agents to ensure good collagen production and the rapid healing of the skin.” Dr Fernandes, M.B., B.Ch., F.R.C.S.(Edin.).
Problematic: “Problem skin, also called acne in medical terms, is a skin problem caused by male hormones which can affect both men and women from puberty onwards. In most men it goes away after puberty, whereas in women it can be a life-long problem needing equally long term care. The most important skin changes which can lead to problem skin are the over-production of sebum (the normally protective oily layer of the skin) and the excessive growth of surface skin cells. These surplus skin cells flake and mix with the excess sebum to block pores, commonly seen as black heads. Inflammation follows and is exacerbated by bacteria. All of this leads to the well-known small abscesses known as pimples or “zits”. It is a condition that can cause serious damage to the selfesteem of young and old alike. More than six decades of intensive medical research has conclusively proven vitamin A to be the only molecule with the ability to cure or permanently control this common condition.” Dr Ernst Eiselen, MBChB, FRACGP. “People with problematic skin should make sure that they enrich their skin with specific active agents such as vitamin A, Australian tea tree oil and bovine colostrum that reduce problematic skin.” Dr Fernandes, M.B., B.Ch., F.R.C.S.(Edin.).
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